There are two key issues:
- To assess the impact of any procedure or condition on the well-being of the animal
- Strategies to eliminate or minimise that impact.
Guidelines and strategies to minimise pain and distress
Strategies to achieve the goal of refinement often need to be customised to a specific set of circumstances. With increasing knowledge and experience, a number of useful guidelines have been developed to assist in minimising the impact of particular procedures and practises. This is an area where knowledge is rapidly expanding.
The resources listed below, highlight the latest in these developments.